Dr. Saito grouped three strains of small hunting dogs from different areas under the name shiba. Originally there were the Shinshu Shiba, the Mino shiba and the Sanin Shiba.
In 1932. Club founded by dr. Saito was named Nihon Ken Hozonkai, which means Association for the Preservation of the Japanese Dog – shorten known as NIPPO. The effort gained momentum and in 1932 the Japanes dog was deignated as national treasure of Japan – first Akita, followed by Shiba in 1936. The establishment of a standard for a Japanese native breeds was the earliest goal of the new club. A standard comitee was formed to draft a standard based on work of zoologists and breeders, ancient records and the examination of existing animals.
The Nippo Standard was established to indicate a path to follow in future breeding programs based on intrinsic characteristics of Japanese dogs. The nature of japanese shibas can be expressed in three very important words: KAN-I, RYOSEI & SOBOKU
- KAN-I – is defined as a boldness of spirit combined with alertness and a keeen sense of awareness. KAN-I embodies the confidence of a dog that knows her own worth.
- RYOSEI – literal meaning of word is good – natured. The shiba should be faithful to her owner and that makes her great companion dog.
- SOBOKU – translates to simple, natural beauty. Shiba embodies refined simplicity, an apperance without exaggeration.
On November 6, 1932, the first Nippo Show was held in Ginza, the central area of Tokyo. Out of 81 dogs entered, only 10 dogs were rated as having stock quality. Out of 10 dogs, 4 were Akitas, 2 were Hokkaidos, two were Kishus and only 1 shiba. The shiba was a red male named Tako, found in the mountainous area of Toyama Prefectrure (central Japan). Tako was the first shiba to be registrated by Nippo , and since then Nippo has maintaned registration record of over a milion and half shibas.
Mr. Mitsuharu Kanashi, a Nippo judge and one of the leaders of Nippo, concluded there are four predominant bloodlines in Japan – Hakuba no Gen – Gen, Korotama(Ichisuke), Tenkou i Matsumaru. Several decades passed since this analysis and many new bloodlines are established now, however most shibas can be traced back to these four bloodlines.